Mobbing Pattern Language

Patterns: My turn is for learning

Also Known As


One member of the mob is missing the context (technical, domain, or both) for the work at hand, and a whiteboarding session as introduction (see Treasure Map) was not enough for them to be confident in navigating. They can drive without a problem, but when it’s their turn to navigate they have no idea what to do.

Grease the wheels is not enough – the navigator is unable to turn high level suggestions from the mob into actionable steps for the driver to take.

Treasure Map is a good start, but there comes a point where more discussion won’t help this team member, they need to see it in action and take some time for the new concepts to sink in.

This pattern is applicable when there is such a large knowledge gap that the usual supporting patterns are not enough to give the learning team member confidence in navigating.


The stuck team member needs something practical to solidify their learning, and the rest of the team is ready to get started on the work.

How To

With rotations of 10m or less, do your regular mobbing.

When it is the learning team member’s turn to navigate, they take the whole rotation for learning.

It’s common for a team member with lots to learn to also be new to mobbing, so they will likely not be proposing this pattern – another team member will be. Consider this dialog:

(After making a treasure map, trying Navigate the navigator, encouraging them to pause and ask for advice when they are navigating)

Learner: I’m sorry guys, I can’t do this. I’d like to work solo to figure some stuff out before I try this again.
Team: Ok, I understand this can be overwhelming and there is a lot to learn. Can we try one more thing before you split off and study solo?
Let’s continue with the rotation, but when it’s your turn to navigate, if you don’t know what to do, we can take as much as the entire rotation for learning. Ask your questions, we’ll whiteboard, we’ll teach. Then, when the timer is up we will go back to the code.

Caution: this can come across as “don’t ask questions when it’s not your turn”. It’s supposed to be the opposite. It’s “we want you with us, and we will make 10 minutes out of every hour exclusively for you to ask questions and have our undivided attention”. The goal is to make a safe place for that team member to learn and discover with you.


The mob makes progress on the work, the learning team member can participate (and be useful!), and there are regular, dedicated times (once per round of rotations) for the learning team member to be taught by the team.

A team member who feels overwhelmed by how much they have to learn can be tempted to work on their own to learn (they don’t want to slow the team down). Without making space for it in the day, the team member may choose to study in the evenings (even though they have been told they shouldn’t) because they want to “catch up” on their learning.

As the team member gains knowledge and confidence, they can transition to navigating seamlessly. Or, they can navigate when they are working in an area of the code / domain that they know enough to decide what to do next.

As a side effect, this sets the tone in the mob for investigating weird things. When someone has a bad feeling about what’s going on, and it’s their turn to navigate, they’re used to taking a rotation for learning. “Actually can we dig into this behavior – why is that happening? Shouldn’t it be doing something else? Does anyone know how this thing actually works?”